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1 edition of Transportation of Spent Fuel, High Level Wastes and Transuranic Wastes found in the catalog.

Transportation of Spent Fuel, High Level Wastes and Transuranic Wastes

Transportation of Spent Fuel, High Level Wastes and Transuranic Wastes

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Published by Natl Conference of State .
Written in English


The Physical Object
FormatPaperback
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL12022869M
ISBN 101555164714
ISBN 109781555164713


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Transportation of Spent Fuel, High Level Wastes and Transuranic Wastes Download PDF EPUB FB2

Cover title: A guide to transportation of spent fuel, high-level, wastes and transuranic wastes. Description: 66 High Level Wastes and Transuranic Wastes book ; 28 cm: Other Titles: Guide to transportation of spent fuel, high-level wastes, and transuranic wastes: Responsibility: Barbara Foster ; edited by Sharon Bjorkman.

@article{osti_, title = {Spent Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste Transportation Report}, author = {}, abstractNote = {This publication is intended to provide its readers with an introduction to the issues surrounding the subject of transportation of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste, especially as those issues impact the southern region of the United States.

The total amount of such high-level wastes requiring disposal in a repository has been estimated to be as high as 40, canisters, equivalent to 20, MTU of spent fuel.

The shipping containers for these wastes have not been designed yet, but for planning purposes, DOE has assumed two canisters per truck cask and 5 canisters per rail cask. Get this from a library. Transportation casks for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste.

[United States. Department of Energy. Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management.;]. 40 CFR Part EPA / Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes BACKGROUND INFORMATION DOCUMENT FINAL RULE FOR HIGH-LEVEL AND TRANSURANIC RADIOACTIVE WASTES August U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency Office of Radiation Programs Washington, D.C. U.S. Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction Recent events have renewed long-standing congressional interest in safe management of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and other high-level nuclear waste.1 These issues have been examined and debated for decades, sometimes renewed by world events like the 9/11 terrorist attacks.

Environmental radiation protection standards for management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel, high-level and transuranic radioactive wastes. 40 CFR Part (External Link) Criteria for the certification and re-certification of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's compliance with the. These wastes, which are generally managed by DOE, are not regulated by NRC.

However they must be included in any high-level radioactive waste disposal plans, along with all high-level waste from spent reactor fuel. Because of their highly radioactive fission products, high-level waste and spent fuel must be handled and stored with care.

The composition of high-level nuclear waste is now very different than what was considered in the National Research Council report.

The main difference is that the United States and a number of other countries with nuclear programs now plan to dispose of spent nuclear reactor fuel as high-level radioactive waste, without reprocessing. It is radioactive waste not classified as high-level, spent fuel, transuranic or byproduct material such as uranium mill tailings.

LLW has four subcategories: Classes A. High level includes spent fuel and reprocessing plant waste, intermediate level is mainly the metal cases from fuel rods and low-level waste constitutes the remainder. Normally both high- and intermediate-level waste require some form of screening to protect workers but low-level waste can be handled without a protective radioactive screen.

This book looks to provide an independent, objective, and authoritative analysis of the transportation of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste in the United States, while simultaneously examining risks and identifying current and future technical and societal concerns for such specialized transportation.

The intent in many countries High Level Wastes and Transuranic Wastes book store spent fuel and high-level radioactive waste for long periods of time before eventual transportation to a permanent geologic repository or other processing sites requires that there be a means of transporting these materials after this storage.

Safe and Secure Transport and Storage of Radioactive. High-level waste (HLW) is a type of nuclear waste created by the reprocessing of spent nuclear fuel. It exists in two main forms: First and second cycle raffinate and other waste streams created by nuclear reprocessing.; Waste formed by vitrification of liquid high-level waste.; Liquid high-level waste is typically held temporarily in underground tanks pending vitrification.

Transuranic Wastes. Transuranic wastes are generated within the nuclear weapons industry and when reprocessing spent fuel. They contain radionuclides with an atomic number higher than uranium (atomic number 92).

These wastes are mostly sludge, tools, and contaminated protective clothing. 40 CFR Part EPA R BACKGROUND INFORMATION DOCUMENT FOR AMENDMENTS TO 40 CFR PART ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS FOR THE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL, HIGH-LEVEL AND TRANSURANIC RADIOACTIVE WASTES November U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency Office of Radiation and Indoor Air. The original statement of task for this study (Sidebar ) directs the committee to examine the “principal risks” for transporting spent fuel and high-level waste; determine how well these risks are understood; and compare them to other risks that confront members of tasks are addressed in this chapter.

As noted in Chapter 1, risk is a multidimensional concept: It includes. Volume 1: Low/Intermediate-Level Radioactive Waste Management; Spent Fuel, Fissile Material, Transuranic and High-Level Radioactive Waste Management Low/Intermediate-Level Radioactive Waste Management ISO Standardization of Theoretical Activity Evaluation Method for Low and Intermediate Level Activated Waste Generated at Nuclear Power Plants.

Transuranic waste. Material contaminated with transuranic elements—artificially made, radioactive elements, such as neptunium, plutonium, americium, and others—that have atomic numbers higher than uranium in the periodic table of ranic waste is primarily produced from recycling spent fuel or using plutonium to fabricate nuclear weapons.

In most countries, high level solid radioactive waste that is the product of solidification of the liquid waste generated by the first extraction cycle in the reprocessing of spent fuel, including spent fuel that is declared to be waste, is currently being stored in purpose-built.

The first comprehensive history and overview of U.S. nuclear waste law and regulation, Fuel Cycle to Nowhere traces sixty years of nuclear weapons programs, the growth of nuclear power, and their waste legacies, the rise of environmentalism, and the responses of federal agencies.

transuranic waste, spent nuclear fuel, and high-level waste. LLW is any radioactive waste including accelerator-produced waste that is not classified as spent nuclear fuel, high-level waste, TRU waste, 11e(2) by-product material, or naturally occurring radioactive material (DOE Orderissued July ).

Spent (depleted or used) nuclear fuel. Nuclear reactor fuel that has been used to the extent that it can no longer effectively sustain a chain related information, see Storage of Spent Nuclear Fuel and Transportation of Spent Nuclear Fuel.

When the work is completed in3, liters (, gallons) of sodium-bearing waste will have been treated; 15 high-level waste tanks will have been closed; more than facilities will have been demolished or disposed of, including three reactors, several spent fuel basins, and hot cells; thousands of containers of buried.

Numerous elected officials, including governors, attorneys general, senators, and representatives have also opposed spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste at WIPP. Public activities, political action, litigation, and other measures would be taken to stop spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste transportation, storage, or disposal.

click to enlarge. Get this from a library. Environmental standards for management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel, high-level and transuranic radioactive wastes: draft environmental impact statement, #40 CFR part [United States. Environmental Protection Agency.

Office of Radiation Programs.;]. It does not include the locations of research reactor sites, special nuclear materials (e.g., plutonium and uranium), transuranic wastes, or low-level nuclear wastes.

Substance Registry Services. The Substance Registry Services (SRS) is EPA's authoritative resource for information about chemicals, biological organisms, and other substances tracked or regulated by EPA.

The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) is responsible for ongoing research and development (R&D) related to long-term disposition of spent nuclear fuel 1 (SNF) and high-level radioactive waste (HLW), which are managed by the Office of Spent Fuel and Waste Disposition (SFWD).

SFWD has two offices that cover different aspects of this oversight: the Office of Spent Fuel. The Secretary [of Energy] shall not transport high-level radioactive waste or spent nuclear fuel to WIPP or emplace or dispose of such waste or fuel at WIPP.

WIPP is not technically suitable for SNF and HLW. Many scientists for decades have considered salt to have serious deficiencies in comparison to some other geologic formations for SNF. Abstract. Transuranic (TRU) wastes are those radioactive wastes, except spent fuel and high-level wastes, that are contaminated with sufficient long-lived, alpha-emitting nuclides that the decay to innocuous levels in engineered storage structures or shallow-land burial sites cannot be used as a disposal method.

is not high-level radioactive waste, spent nuclear fuel, transuranic waste, or by-product material as defined in section (e)(2) of this title; and (B) the Commission, consistent with existing law, classifies as low-level radioactive waste. Source: Marcinowski, F., “Overview of DOE’s Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Waste,” presentation to the Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future, MaWashington DC.

Geologic Disposal in the US: The Reality DOE-managed SNF and High-Level Radioactive Waste (HLW) is in Temporary Storage at 5 Sites in 5 States.

@article{osti_, title = {Foreign programs for the storage of spent nuclear power plant fuels, high-level waste canisters and transuranic wastes}, author = {Harmon, K M and Johnson, Jr, A B}, abstractNote = {The various national programs for developing and applying technology for the interim storage of spent fuel, high-level radioactive waste, and TRU wastes are summarized.

There are four categories of nuclear waste in America (see figure). In order of descending radioactivity, they are spent nuclear fuel (SNF), high-level waste (HLW), transuranic waste.

Low-level waste (LLW) is nuclear waste that does not fit into the categorical definitions for intermediate-level waste (ILW), high-level waste (HLW), spent nuclear fuel (SNF), transuranic waste (TRU), or certain byproduct materials known as 11e(2) wastes, such as uranium mill essence, it is a definition by exclusion, and LLW is that category of radioactive wastes that do not fit.

@article{osti_, title = {Remote operations in facilities for the packaging and handling of spent fuel, high-level waste, and transuranic waste}, author = {Lazarevitch, S. and Chotin, F. and Saverot, P.}, abstractNote = {For {approximately}30 yr, the French Atomic Energy Authority and the Cogema Company have gained valuable experience in fuel management, reprocessing of spent fuel, and.

There are four general categories of nuclear waste in the United States (figure below): commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF), high-level nuclear waste (HLW) from making weapons, transuranic waste.

A deep geological repository is a way of storing toxic or radioactive waste within a stable geologic environment (typically m deep). It entails a combination of waste form, waste package, engineered seals and geology that is suited to provide a high level of long-term isolation and containment without future maintenance.

Definitions — fees for transport of radioactive waste — deposit of moneys, use — notice of shipments — sunset date. — 1. As used in sections to *, the following terms mean: (1) "Cask", all the components and systems associated with the container in which spent fuel, high-level radioactive waste, highway route controlled quantity, or transuranic radioactive.

EPA's Criteria for the Certification and Determination of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's Compliance with Environmental Standards for the Management and Disposal of Spent Nuclear Fuel, High-Level and Transuranic Radioactive Wastes, 40 CFR Part (or "Part "): 40 CFR addresses the specific application of 40 CFR to WIPP.Get this from a library!

Draft regulatory impact analysis, 40 CFR part environmental standards for management and disposal of spent nuclear fuel, high-level and transuranic radioactive wastes.

[United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Radiation Programs.;].Spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive wastes make up most of the material proposed for disposal in the Yucca Mountain repository.

Approximately 90 percent of the material proposed to be disposed in the repository will be commercial spent nuclear fuel and approximately 10 percent will be high-level radioactive waste from defense programs.